Children and young people

Key findings: Severe illness from COVID-19 is uncommon in children and young people. While COVID-19 should be considered in children and young people presenting with symptoms, other diagnoses should also be considered.

In Scotland, from the start of the outbreak to 23 February 2022, there were 140,663 recorded cases of COVID-19 (first recorded positive test) in children aged up to 19 years. This equates to approximately 10.42% of all cases in Scotland.93

At 21 February 2022 there had been a total of 1,435 COVID-19-related hospital admissions for children aged 0–4. For children aged 5–14 there had been 933 admissions, and for young people aged 15–19 the total number of admissions was 605. COVID-19-related hospital admissions were defined as a patient’s first positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for COVID up to 14 days prior to admission to hospital, on the day of their admission or during their stay in hospital. Children aged 19 and under comprised 5.94% of COVID-19 hospital admissions.93

SARS-CoV-2-related death in children and adolescents is rare. In pooled analysis from seven countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, South Korea, the UK, and the US), the COVID-19-related death rate among children (age 0– 19 years) was 0.17 per 100,000 as of February 2021.94 

Expand this content